A lot has changed since the young Princess Elizabeth became Queen in 1952. Below you can find some of the famous people, events and scientific discoveries from almost 70 years of history. How many do you know? Are there any more you can add? Which do you think are the most important?


Important events

1953 - Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay became the first men to climb Everest

1954 - Roger Bannister ran a mile in under four minutes

1955 - Commercial television was first broadcast in the UK

Science and technology

1952 - The first flight of the de Havilland Comet, the world's first commercial jet airliner.

1953 - Francis Crick and James Watson analyse the data recorded by Rosalind Franklin to discover the structure of DNA.

1959 - The first Hovercraft trip across the English Channel.




Important events

1966 - England wins the world cup

1969 - Humans first landed on the moon

1969 - The Queen's oldest child Charles becomes Prince of Wales

Science and technology

1960 - First kidney transplant in the UK

1966 - The first hand held pocket calculator was invented

1966 - Ralph Baer started work on the first ever video games console




Important events

1971 - United Kingdom and Ireland started using decimal coins

1977 - The first Star Wars movie was released in cinemas

1977 - The Queen’s 25th Jubilee celebrations took place

Science and technology

1971 - Ray Tomlinson sends the very first email

1973 - The first mobile phone was demonstrated by Motorola

1976 - The Super Proton Synchrotron at European Council for Nuclear Research (CERN) first turned on




Important events

1984 - Coal miners went on strike to stop mining closures and the loss of their jobs

1986 - An accident occured at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant spreading radiation over a wide area

1989 - The Berlin Wall that divided communist East Germany from West Germany began to be pulled down by citizens of the city

Science and technology

1981 - NASA began its Space Shuttle programme with the launch of the shuttle Columbia

1982 - The first compact discs (CDs) are sold

1984 - The first Apple computer was launched




Important events

1992 - The European Union is created when the Maastricht Treaty is signed

1995 - The Channel Tunnel was opened to passengers

1997 - Scotland votes for devolution and creates its own Parliament

Science and technology

1990 - Time Berners-Lee writes the first web browser

1996 - The first mammal, Dolly the sheep, was cloned

1998 - Construction of the International Space Station began




Important events

2001 - Wikipedia is launched

2002 - The Queen celebrates her Diamond Jubilee

2004 - Facebook founded by Harvard university student Mark Zuckerberg

Science and technology

2003 - Scientists map the human genome, the entire genetic code of human DNA

2007 - The first iPhone was released

2008 - Astrophysicists studying the universe confirm its age at 13.7 billion years




Important events

2012 - The Summer Olympics and Paralympics take place in London

2013 - Three black female activists started using the social media hashtag #BlackLivesMatter

2019 - The Covid-19 virus is first reported in Wuhan, China

Science and technology

2012 - The Mars Science Laboratory mission's Curiosity rover lands on Mars

2012 - SpaceX sent its first commercial spacecraft to dock with the ISS

2012 - Scientists discover the Higgs Boson particle the key to resolving the origin of mass




Important events

2020 - The United Kingdom goes into lockdown to contain COVID-19 pandemic

2021 - World leaders mark Earth Day by hosting a virtual summit on climate change

2021 - The Summer Olympics and Paralympics take place in Tokyo

Science and technology

2020 - A UK grandmother became the first person in the world, outside of laboratory trial, to be given a Pfizer Covid-19 vaccine

2020 - NASA successfully launched its Mars 2020 rover mission to search for signs of ancient life

2021 - SpaceX sent the first commercial spacecraft to deliver astronauts to the International Space Station


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