June 1990 – current size
2011 to date
Cupro-nickel (75% copper, 25% nickel)
5p coins were issued from April and originally circulated as shillings.
All shillings – meaning both pre-decimal shillings and the new 5p coins – were redenominated as coins of five new pence at the time of decimalisation.
The reverse inscription of 5p coins was changed from NEW PENCE to FIVE PENCE.
With a view to reducing the weight of the coinage, a smaller-sized 5p coin was issued from June. The larger-sized pieces, including the old pre-decimal shillings, were demonetised at the end of the year.
As part of a general re-design of the coinage, a new reverse was introduced for the 5p coin.
With metal prices rising on world markets, the composition of 5p coins was changed from cupro-nickel to nickel-plated steel. As a result of their steel core, nickel-plated steel 5p coins are magnetic.
1998 to date
Designed by Raphael Maklouf
Designed by Ian Rank-Broadley FRBS
A thistle royally crowned, being the Badge of Scotland
Designed by Christopher Ironside
A section of the Royal Arms showing elements of all four quarterings
Designed by Matthew Dent